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Horticulture – what are the three main areas?

Horticulture involves the use of plants for beauty, comfort and
food. It comes from the Latin for garden culture. It’s possible to train in
horticulture and be an expert in how plants are used, grown and harvested. It’s
an interesting aspect of modern culture, when you consider how much we rely on
plants for pleasure and survival.

You can find out more about training in horticulture here. The aim of this article is to give you a brief introduction to the three main areas of horticulture.

Ornamental horticulture

As you might expect, ornamental horticulture is concerned with
plants that are grown for their beauty. This can involve the growing of plants
both indoors and outdoors. The color green is obviously a regular feature of
this type of horticulture which is why it’s often referred to as the green
industry.

Olericulture

Olericulture is concerned with vegetable crops such as sweet corn
and potatoes. It’s not just concerned with the growing of these vegetables.
Every aspect of the growing and selling process is covered by the topic. This
includes the planting of vegetables, harvesting, storage and selling. There are
nine major categories for these vegetable crops:

  • Pot herbs and greens, which includes vegetables such as spinach
  • Salad crops, which include lettuce and other vegetables that you would expect to find on a salad
  • Cole crops, which includes cabbage and cauliflower
  • Root crops, which includes potatoes and other tubers
  • Bulb crops, including onions and leeks
  • Legumes, which includes products such as beans
  • Cucurbits, which includes cucumbers and their relatives
  • Solanaceous crops such as peppers and tomatoes
  • Sweet corn

Pomology

Pomology covers the same
processes as covered by olericulture, except relating to fruit and nuts. The
pomology industry is hugely important, as these types of food are vital to the
health of the population. At a time when there is greater emphasis on eating
less meat and more plants, nuts and fruits supply many of the nutrients that
are essential for healthy living.

Studying horticulture

If you want to know more about horticulture, it’s a fascinating
field of study. It’s a fairly intensive subject that often focuses on how we
can grow plants in the most environmentally friendly manner possible.

Anyone wanting to study horticulture will normally have a scientific background, as the coursework involved usually includes aspects of biology, chemistry and soil science. For anyone who wants to take their knowledge and run a horticulture business, it’s also necessary to study aspects of communications and business. Horticulture courses normally consist of a combination of laboratory work and hands-on experience.

All aspects of horticulture are important to the human race and
the planet. Growing plants improves the appearance of the environment around
us, helps to prevent soil erosion and provides us with a healthy food source.
It’s likely that we will move further towards a more plant-based diet in the
future and that horticulture will become even more important.

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